Logacheva Natal'ya Viktorovna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of state and legal disciplines, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. The subject of the research appears to be relevant in the context of examination of the historical experience of the judicial reform of 1864 in the Rus-sian Empire, because the contemporary judicial system of Russia is currently being reformed. It is evident that both judicial reforms, the reform of 1864 and the one launched in 1990s are based on the same principles of justice, publicity, adversarial system, presumption of innocence, humaneness of the court; providing a defendant with qualified unbiased defense. The objective of the research is to analyze the experience of the counter-reform of the judicial defense and jury courts, as well as to reveal the goals of the government when these measures were carried out.
Materials and methods. The objectives of the research were implemented through analyzing the laws dated December 5th, 1874, May 25th, 1874, May 9th, 1878, August 9th, 1878, archival records and memoirs of contemporaries. The meth-odological framework includes the comparative-legal analysis and the historical-legal analysis.
Results. The main areas of counter reforms of legal defense and jury courts were observed; the reasons for these counter-reforms and the goals of the autocratic government were examined.
Conclusions. Judicial statutes, based on the progressive European law, didn’t comply with the vestiges of villeinage which survived the reforms. The judicial re-form met resistance from conservative ruling elite and local administration. Judicial statutes were very inconvenient for political investigation agencies because by virtue of the provisions of judicial statutes the political proceedings in 1860–1870 became more of a platform for distributing revolutionary ideas, than judging enemies of the state.
judicial system, public attorneys, councils of public attorneys, poli¬tical proceedings, private attorneys, legal proceedings, judicial administration, representatives of the estates, jury court, judicial chambers, inspection, IIIrd Section of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Chancery, State Council.
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